A Black Christian's Guide to Islamophobia
Confronting Anti-Muslim Rhetoric in the African American Community
Psychologist Valerie Purdie Vaughns coined the term 'intersectional invisibility* to describe the phenomenon that occurs within a group in which individuals with intersecting identities (Black AND Muslim, racial and religious minority) are not perceived to be typical members of that group and often erased from the collective imagination. Black Muslims experience intersectional invisibility as they are not perceived as prototypical members of the American Muslim community (with Arab and South Asian Muslims viewed as the norm). Black Muslims also experience discrimination and racism within the community due to anti-Black sentiment. Further, Black Muslims are not seen as prototypical members of the non-Muslim Black community in which Christianity is the dominant religion. From the Muslim Ban, to #BlackLivesMatter, Ahmed Mohamed ("Clock Boy") and Black Islamophobes, Black Muslim scholars and activists have challenged the erasure of Black Muslims in American Muslim discourse, particularly as it relates to Islamophobia. The articles listed below represent a round-up of current and past articles which provide profound insight and analysis for those seeking to understand the nature and insidious of this 'acute social invisibility' experienced by Black Muslims.